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Ketones and ways to measure ketones

There are 3 types of ketones found in the blood:

Ketone Bodies
  • Acetoacetate
  • Beta-hydroxybutyrate
  • Acetone (metabolically inert)

Where do Ketones come from?

Ketones are an alternative energy source for the body. All cells in the body require a source of energy and the primary source of energy that the body uses is glucose. When glucose (a simple carbohydrate) is not available to the cells, the body turns to ketones for energy.


The production of Ketone bodies in the liver is called Ketogenesis. Moreover, these Ketones are produced when the body breaks down fat molecules.  

What triggers ketone production and When does the body produce Ketones?

There are a few times the body will start to break down fat molecules and begin to produce ketone bodies and enter a sate of ketosis.

  • Keto Diet: In a keto diet carbohydrate intake is limited (Often under 30 Grams a day) or eliminated.
  • Fasting
  • Excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Type 1 Diabetes: In type 1 diabetes the body produces no insulin or very little insulin.

Ways to measure ketones

Ketone Bodies Urine Test
Updated on February 18, 2019

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